A complete Guide to Lower Mustang


“Live life with no excuses, travel with no regrets”-Oscar Wilde

Lower Mustang is the second part of the Mustang region which is one of the most beautiful trekking regions of Nepal. Similarly, Mustang is a district of Nepal, known as the Himalayan Kingdom and lies in the northern central part of Nepal. Likewise, the geographical structure of this district is really amazing.

Lower Mustang trek is one of the shortest treks and is semi-desert land. It is also known as Skyline trek among Nepalese. Basically, Lower Mustang trek is known as a trekker’s heaven because of its numerous interesting places and varied topography.

As mustang lies in the rain shadow of Himalaya. Therefore, the landscape of Lower Mustang is similar to Upper Mustang i.e. it is dry. The national flower of Nepal-R]hododendron forest and apple field makes Lower Mustang mesmerizing. 

Lower Mustang trek also can be taken as one of the easy, scenic and suitable trek for all the beginners and both experienced trekkers.

Where is Lower Mustang located?

complete guide to Lower Mustang

Lower Mustang is located between the Tibetan Plateau in the North & South of the high Himalayan mountains. From Kathmandu, it’s about 374 Km far by road and 173.2 km far from Pokhara.

Lower Mustang Trek Highlights:

  • The ancient trade route to Tibet and experiencing the landscape of Mustang.
  • Jomsom, Muktinath one of the holiest for Hindu pilgrimage.
  • Trekkers can explore the culture and lifestyle of local peoples along with a charming village.
  • Exploring panoramic mountain view i.e. Annapurna and Dhaulagiri.

Lower Mustang trek Overview:

If the international guest wants to visit the Kingdom of Tibetan Buddhists but has a very short time than this Lower Mustang trek is designed for them. Lower Mustang trek gives an opportunity to evaluate diverse landscapes and culture giving the perfect insight into the rural life of Nepalese people.

Lower Mustang trekking doesn’t need any expensive permits and this trekking falls under the Annapurna circuit. This region has the most comprehensive protected bio-diversity of Nepal and the trekking route passes through the oldest monastery as well as the unique lifestyle of local people.

Lower Mustang trek is famous all over the world as the best place to experience Tibetan culture as it has the historical and cultural relationship with Tibet since ancient times. In addition, this trek gives a wonderful opportunity to visit a unique village named Baarah Gaun (Twelve communities). It is interesting medieval (middle age) village that has carefully packed mud-brick houses, dark alleys and imposing Chhortens.

About Muktinath Temple located in Lower Mustang:

muktinath pilgrimage tour

Another most famous place in Lower Mustang is the highly praised site of Hindu pilgrimage-Muktinath. Not only among Hindu, but it also plays similar importance to Buddhist pilgrimage too.

Basically, the word “Muktinath” is derived from “Mukti” and “Nath” and its meaning is, “Mukti” as “Salvation” and “Nath” as “God”.

For Hindus, this temple is regarded as 106th Divya Desam among 108. “Divay Desam” which means the lord Vishnu temple where “Divya” means “Divine” and “Desam” means “Place’.

Similarly, among Buddhists, this temple is known as Chumig Gyatsa (one of the 24 Buddhist tantric places) which means “Hundred Waters”. Tibetan Buddhists consider Muktinath as an important place of Dakinis (Sky Dancers goddesses).

This temple Muktinath has 108 waterspouts which are also known as Muktidhara from where water flows continuously from the bullhead and two Kunda (ponds). It is believed that taking a bath in these 108 waterspouts and two kunda gives salvation.

“Join the Muktinath Pilgrimage Tour”

Short Outline Itinerary of Lower Mustang trek:

Here is the short outline itinerary for Lower Mustang Trek.

  • Day 1: Airport pick up and Transfer to hotel
  • Day 2: Kathmandu heritage sightseeing and preparation for trekking
  • Day 3: Kathmandu to Pokhara 8,20m (220km) via Bus- 7hrs
  • Day 4: Pokhara to Jomsom 2,800m via a flight  
  • Day 5:  Trek to Kagbeni 2,800m- 4hrs
  • Day 6: Trek to Muktinath 3710m- 4hrs and visit to Red Gompa
  • Day 7: Trek to Marpha via Lupra Valley 2,790m- 6hrs
  • Day 8: Flight from Jomsom to Kathmandu and drive back to Kathmandu by tourist bus and transfer to hotel
  • Day 9: International departure for homeward bound

Weather in Lower Mustang:


Every trekking trails in Nepal are famous for its own features. Likewise, Lower Mustang is famous for its natural beauty.

As for the weather condition, it also makes the trails amazing in its own ways. Similarly, Lower Mustang has great weather suitable for apple fields and rhododendron forests.

You can see the four seasons of Nepal in Lower Mustang here:

Lower Mustang in Spring Season:

Spring season falls during March to May month in Nepal. The average temperature in Lower Mustang during spring is 18⁰C to 20⁰C in the day and drops to the negative degree in the night.

Trekker can enjoy the evening walk around local settlements in the month of April and May. In addition, in April average temperature starts to increase and trekkers can have a warm environment.

However, April and May are also known as windy month in Lower Mustang. For this windy month, trekkers should carry windproof jackets and sunglasses to protect yourself as the wind makes trails dusty.

Being windy month in April gives an opportunity to view the mountains such as Nilgiri, Annapurna, and Dhaulagiri.

Lower Mustang in Summer Season:

Summer season falls from June to August in Nepal. On the basis of trekking, this season is least favorable. The average temperature in Lower Mustang during the summer season is 32⁰C during the day and at night the average temperature is 21⁰C which makes night warmer.

Lower Mustang receives rainfall and sometimes snowfall during this season. Whereas, during late July, average rainfall precipitation is 6 days. Trekkers during this season can enjoy the rivers in its full glory, beautiful streams, and waterfalls.

This summer season offers trekkers an opportunity to enjoy warm weather and local vegetation. But to trek in this season trekkers always should be prepared with waterproof trekking boot with proper grip.

Lower Mustang in Autumn Season:

The Autumn season is also known as the festive season and falls from September to November. Trekking this season means meeting lots of other trekkers. Basically, the autumn season is the busiest season for Lower Mustang.

The temperature of Lower Mustang in the day time is about 8⁰C to 10⁰C and nights are always colder. If you are trekking this season than everything should be pre-booked i.e. from your flights to guest houses.

Lower Mustang in Winter Season:

December to February is the winter month in Nepal. Those who don’t mind cold, walking on the snows and loves extra adventure and a challenging trip they, can trek this season.

The temperature of this season is in between 23.9⁰C and 19.1⁰C. Unlike Upper Mustang, Lower Mustang have nothing like freezing cold temperature. But the proper gear, supplies, and precautions are always necessary.

This season in Lower Mustang provides irregular snowfall yet not to be freezing cold. Lower Mustang provides an eye-catching view of snow-capped mountains.

Basically, spring season and autumn season is the best time to trek Lower Mustang. During spring season trekkers can enjoy the colorful forest of rhododendrons that are available on the trails of Lower Mustang. Similarly, trekkers can spot wildlife too.

Talking about the autumn season, it has the most favorable time to trek which provides you mesmerizing views.

Accommodation and Foods in Lower Mustang:

complete guide to Lower Mustang

Every trekker plans their trip on the basis of what kind of accommodation is available in that certain place. And Nepal is famous for low-budget guest houses with amazing services.

Especially around Annapurna Circuit, trekkers can find lots of low budget guesthouses. As already mentioned, Lower Mustang lies under the Annapurna circuit, trekkers can find guesthouses according to their budget.

In any kind of guest house, there won’t be compromised in good quality food and room services.

Similarly, on the first day of trekking i.e. Jomsom has a cheap accommodation facility. Trekkers can find room from USD1 to USD3. However. Trekkers should bring toilet paper along with them, hot shower costs USD5 and charging your mobile costs USD2 per hour.

Discussing about the food! all the basic food is available and as you trek higher the cost of food goes increasing too. Nepalese meal set Dal Bhat Tarkari is available all over the trekking trail. Trekkers also can have international food menu like Indian, Italian, Continental and of course Tibetan.

The cost of a meal can cost like USD5 to USD8 and the cost of the mineral water bottle can cost USD3 to USD5.

Permits for Lower Mustang:

Trekkers should take two types of permits for this Lower Mustang trekking. They are:

  • Trekkers Information Management System (TIMS) card which cost USD2 to solo trekkers and USD10 for group trekkers.
  • Annapurna Conservation Area Project Permit (ACAP) costs USD20 per person

So, all these required permits can be issued from Nepal Tourism Board at Pokhara or Kathmandu. If you are trekking through travel or trekking agency then they will arrange a permit for you on above mention costs.

Things to pack for Lower Mustang


After accommodation and food, another important thing for this trip is “things to pack for trekking”. So, here is the list of things to pack;

  • Waterproof warm jacket, hiking pant and hiking shorts
  • Thermal trouser
  • Full sleeve shirt (woolen and cotton)
  • Cap, hat or headscarf
  • Gloves
  • Trekking boots
  • Socks (woolen and cotton)
  • Quick-drying towel
  • Sunglasses with UV protection
  • Trekking poles
  • Sleeping bag
  • First Aid box
  • Water purifier
  • Water bottles
  • Earplugs
  • Sunblock creams
  • Hand sanitizer

Thamel provides you all the necessary stuff that you need for any trekking. You can buy all these things in your own home town too.

You shouldn’t just pack unnecessary stuff while trekking because if you won’t hire porter you have to carry all those heavy stuff by yourself. Whereas, porters are also allowed to carry 15kg per person.

Lower Mustang Conclusion:

This trek can be your perfect budget trip. And the above-written article can help those people who are planning to trek Lower Mustang. Hence, trekking to Lower Mustang will never upset you.

If you think our article didn’t give you all the information than for more information you can search for the Nepal Tourism Board site too. At last, if you are interested for Lower Mustang trekking don’t hesitate to check our package details or inbox us

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