Things you should have known before trekking in Nepal


Did I finish all my work before coming to Nepal? Is there anything left that I forgot? etc. These types of questions will surely come in your mind when traveling. However, here are a few things you should have known before trekking in Nepal.

Sign up for Travel Insurance:


First thing first, the most common idea you should have is to sign travel insurance.

Trekking is one of the most difficult activities in Nepal and that is why travel insurance is a “must thing” you need to do before going trekking in Nepal. Travel insurance helps you with any financial losses you encounter during your travel.

In Nepal, local agencies will handle your accommodations, guide, porters, foods, and transportation but you can’t sign any travel insurance in Nepal. That is why you have to sign your travel insurance in your own country or online.

Similarly, there are lots of agencies that will sign travel policies which you should do before trekking in Nepal. Most of them include lost baggage, trip cancellation, theft, travel accidents, travel health, death overseas and many more. And all these things are very important when traveling outside the country.

However, while trekking in Nepal over 3,500m, you have to do insurance for Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) which is most important. Most of the travel insurance only covers the insurance under 4,000m only but there are others who will cover your insurance at a maximum of 6,000m elevation including helicopter evacuation.

Check for World Nomads, Travelex insurance, JS insurance and other similar for 6,000m elevation insurance. Usually, there will be insurance packs that you can get which will cover the important things you need.



Your health play’s the main role while traveling or trekking and should not be underestimated. Even if you have a small problem in your health, you should take some steps to cure it. If you are in Nepal then your tour operator will give you some advice for medicine that you should take before trekking in Nepal.

However, before trekking in Nepal, you have to discuss some requirements with your doctor i.e. taking some vaccination and medicine.

The vaccinations you must consider taking while in Nepal or before coming to Nepal include the following:


There are lots of street dogs in Nepal as well as monkeys in temples. Most of these animals are not vaccinated and carry some diseases like rabies.

There is no guaranty that you will not be bitten by those animals Therefore, taking vaccination is better.


There is a high chance of getting Tetanus while traveling because you will get bruises, cuts, scrape or minor injuries. And from those injuries, there’s a high possibility of getting tetanus.

Similarly, if the tetanus immunization is not up-to-date then you should take it because you won’t know if you are infected or not.

Only after 7 or 8 days you will get the symptoms of tetanus like difficulty in swallowing, high blood pressure, difficulty in breathing, muscle spasms, seizures, etc.

As for other vaccinations like Hepatitis A & B, Typhoid, Meningitis, Polio, etc. you should consult with your own doctor.

Similarly, as for the medicines, there are several things you have to take with you which are:

Blood pressure medicine

Even if you have high blood pressure, in some cases you can take a flight as well as travel but you should consult your doctor about the medicine.

Taking the medicine of blood pressure in time is highly recommended.
Similarly, you should always carry it with you instead of putting it in the luggage/bag and should follow the doctor’s prescription. You should also consult with your doctor before traveling i.e. if you are fit for traveling or not?

Fever medicine

Due to the high altitude, while trekking, fever is a common health problem for travelers. Without treatment, it can ruin your adventure and that is why you should take some fever medicines with you while trekking.

If the fever doesn’t decrease or cured within 5 days then it can be a paratyphoid fever which is the rare cases while trekking. If you suffered from typhoid then you can take azithromycin (500mg once per day) until you get medical care or hospitalization.

Diarrhea medicine

When trekking in Nepal then you have to face a sudden change in your food consumption and atmosphere. The taste of food and water changes whereas you can get food poisoning or diarrhea if your digestion gets weak.

Therefore, taking some medicine regarding stomach problems might help you while trekking in Nepal. Likewise, we recommend you to drink clean water or boiled water and clean foods. Using some water purifying tools in your water bottle can also decrease the chance of getting sick.

As for other types of diseases or physical conditions, you have to consult your doctor first or you can ask our team for the best results.

Note: You have to know some basic skills for self-diagnosis & treatment. If you get confused then ask for some advice from others.

Know about your agencies before trekking in Nepal


Without a tour operator, it’s very difficult to trek in Nepal but it’s not impossible also. Most tourists go trekking through local agencies of Nepal which is the best decision.

However, before booking any trek in those trekking agencies, you should know about them perfectly. Because one mistake in choosing a good agency then it can affect your trek also. You have to very careful when booking agencies in Nepal.
The first one is choosing the best:

Guides & Porters

A guide plays the main role in your trek because they are the people who will guide your whole trek. Without a good guide, your trip can be ruined as well as you may get lost in worse condition. A good guide means who has good English speaking with knowledge of trekking, who takes responsibility and has a sense of humor.

Whereas, porters are also important if you want to bring lots of baggage while trekking, Porters helps to minimize your load so that you can enjoy your trek. Similarly, when you don’t have to carry loads then there is less chance of getting AMS. Therefore, having a good guide & porters can help you with your trek.



A good service is what everybody needs when traveling to different countries. Services can be different according to the tour operator you choose while traveling. To know the best services from all those agencies, reviews are the most helpful things.

Reviews describe the services of those companies as well as it can be very helpful to you. A good review means that they can have the best services you need and bad means there is a little risk there.

Having the information about your agencies can always help you to see forward where you are going. With a small review from others, you can get the information you need. And reviews are the best source of information.

For other types of suggestions to choose the best agencies in Nepal, you can go here.

Know some rules of this country

Before going to any country, you should know some politics as well as the rules of that country. If you know some rules and politics of that country then it can help you in many ways.

Likewise, if you want to visit Nepal then there are some important rules you have to follow as a tourist:

Require Visa

For most countries of the world, a Visa on Arrival can be obtained at the airport.
All you have to bring is a credit card or some cash to pay the visa fee:
15 Days = 25 USD
30 Days = 40 USD
90 Days = 100 USD
There is no longer a picture required as there are now computer kiosks that will take a picture of you digitally.

It will ask for your home address and some additional data, especially the first address in Nepal.
So the only thing you really have to prepare is having an address you intend to stay, a valid passport and enough money to pay the fee and you are ready to get your visa!

As regulation can change or be different regarding the nationality, please always double-check with the Nepal Immigration.

No smoking zone

Smoking is not prohibited in Nepal but it doesn’t mean that you can smoke anywhere. Smoking in public, on the way and the prohibited area, is illegal which means that you will be charged by the government if found.

No Photo


No photo means that there are many places where you shouldn’t take photos. Similarly, taking a photo of peoples without permission is also a bad manner.

Being a home of thousands of temples in Nepal, some temples are very unique. Whereas taking a photo of these types of temples is restricted and you can also see some signboard.

Use proper dress code

Using a proper code like dress code in Nepal is recommended. Our Nepal is a religious country where mainly Hindus are living and most of them follow their traditions. They don’t like people who are wearing short types of clothes in public because it harms the children.

Showing off your body in public is not illegal but somehow, it’s a tradition that Nepali people want to follow. Using a proper dress code will really benefit you in Nepal. Similarly, kissing in public is also not recommended in Nepal.

These are some of the important rules you have to follow as a tourist. Other rules like traffic rule and crimes; it is similar to your own country. For other basic information about what to do and what not to do, here are some lists you can check.

Don’t DO
Point the finger while talking with local peoples.Greet people by doing Nameste before asking any help asking any help
greet people with left hand or eat with left hand. Always use right hand while eating
Give money to children.Wear long sleeves clothes
Speak loudly while walking in path or any place. Get help from police or security if you got on any trouble
Use vulgar words in public with anyone.
Walk alone at night.

Similarly, there are other things you should have known before trekking in Nepal like “Best Tips for Everest Base Camp”, “Fitness” and “Age limitation in Everest Base Camp. For more information about rules and regulations, you can ask us any time on [email protected]

About Author

As the head of Pristine Nepal Treks and Expedition, he is the inspiration for all young generation who wants to work in the trekking field. Working in the trekking field from his young age he is also very interested in learning the Himalayas, Culture, History, and politics too.

With a friendly nature, smart-looking personality, and kindness he is an expert in the tourism sector.

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