Welcome to “A complete guide to trekking in Nepal”! If you are new to trekking in Nepal and want to know more about Nepal, then you are in the right place.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into everything you need to know to embark on an unforgettable journey through the majestic Himalayas of Nepal.

From choosing the right trekking route to essential gear, safety tips, seeking help, and cultural insights, let’s embark on this epic adventure together.

What is trekking in Nepal?

Trekking in Nepal is an exhilarating experience that involves multiple days of hiking through the breathtaking landscapes of the Nepalese Himalayas.

Nepal is famous for its majestic mountain ranges, including Mount Everest, the tallest peak globally, as well as other towering summits like Annapurna, Makalu, and Kanchenjunga. Similarly, Nepal is the home of the eight highest mountains in the world as follows:

  1. Mount Everest (8,848.86 meters / 29,031.7 feet) – The highest peak in the world.
  2. Kanchenjunga (8,586 meters / 28,169 feet) – The third highest peak globally, situated on the border between Nepal and India.
  3. Lhotse (8,516 meters / 27,940 feet) – The fourth highest peak near Mount Everest.
  4. Makalu (8,485 meters / 27,838 feet) – The fifth highest peak in the Makalu-Barun Valley.
  5. Cho Oyu (8,188 meters / 26,864 feet) – The sixth highest peak, lying on the border between Nepal and China (Tibet).
  6. Dhaulagiri (8,167 meters / 26,795 feet) – The seventh highest peak, located in the western region of Nepal.
  7. Manaslu (8,163 meters / 26,781 feet) – The eighth highest peak, part of the Mansiri Himal range.
  8. Annapurna (8,091 meters / 26,545 feet) – The tenth-highest peak, known for its challenging trekking routes and stunning scenery.

Similarly, there are various trekking routes in Nepal, each offering its unique cultural taste, difficulty level, & experience.

Popular trekking regions include the Everest region, known for iconic treks like Everest Base Camp and Gokyo Lakes Trek, and the Annapurna region, which features treks such as the Annapurna Circuit and Annapurna Base Camp Trek. Other notable areas include Langtang, Manaslu, and Mustang.

Overall, trekking in Nepal is an unforgettable adventure that allows adventurers to connect with nature, and people, & challenge themselves physically, and gain a deeper understanding of the Himalayan region’s cultural and natural heritage.

Difference between trekking and hiking in Nepal

In Nepal, trekking and hiking are both popular outdoor activities, but they differ in terms of duration, difficulty, and the nature of the trails in Nepal.


  1. Duration: Trekking typically involves multi-day journeys, lasting from several days to a few weeks, depending on the chosen route.
  2. Difficulty: Trekking routes in Nepal vary in difficulty, ranging from easy to strenuous. Some treks require crossing high mountain passes and enduring challenging terrain.
  3. Trails: Trekking trails often lead to remote mountain villages, alpine meadows, and high-altitude passes, offering trekkers the opportunity to immerse themselves in the natural beauty and cultural richness of the Himalayan region.
  4. Accommodation: Along trekking routes, accommodation is usually provided in teahouses or lodges, offering basic amenities such as meals and shelter. Trekkers can stay overnight in these facilities during their journey.


  1. Duration: Hiking in Nepal typically involves shorter day trips or half-day excursions, although longer hikes are also possible.
  2. Difficulty: Hiking routes in Nepal range from easy walks on relatively flat terrain to more challenging ascents, but they are generally less demanding than trekking routes.
  3. Trails: Hiking trails may lead to scenic viewpoints, waterfalls, forests, or cultural sites, allowing hikers to enjoy the natural and cultural attractions of Nepal within a shorter time frame.
  4. Accommodation: Since hiking trips are usually completed within a day, there is no need for overnight accommodation along the trail. Hikers can return to their starting point or base camp by the end of the day.

Insight into Tea Houses & Foods in the Trekking area.

Tea houses are a type of accommodation commonly found along trekking routes in Nepal and other mountainous regions of the Himalayas. These establishments serve as guesthouses or lodges where trekkers can stay overnight during their trekking adventures.

Note that most of the tea houses on the trekking route offer basic amenities. Here’s more detail about tea houses:

Basic Accommodation:

Tea houses typically offer basic accommodation facilities, including simple rooms with twin beds or dormitory-style arrangements. Bedding such as blankets and pillows are provided, though trekkers might need to bring their sleeping bags, especially in colder seasons.

Shared Facilities:

Facilities at tea houses are often shared among guests. This includes common bathrooms with squat or western toilets and communal washing areas. At higher altitudes, hot showers may not be available while lower altitude tea houses might offer bucket showers heated with solar or gas.

Local Hospitality:

Tea house owners, often local villagers, are known for their warm hospitality. Trekkers can expect friendly service and a welcoming atmosphere, which adds to the overall experience of trekking in the Himalayas.


Tea houses typically provide meals for trekkers. The menu usually includes a variety of local Nepali dishes such as dal bhat (rice with lentil soup and vegetables), momos (dumplings), noodles, and Tibetan bread, as well as some Western options like pasta, pizza, and omelets. Meals are hearty and designed to provide energy for trekking. However, eating meats at higher altitude areas is not recommended.

Social Spaces:

Many tea houses have communal areas where trekkers can relax, socialize, and enjoy the company of fellow trekkers. These areas often have huge burners/heaters, which are especially comforting during chilly evenings at higher elevations in dining areas.

Electricity and Charging:


While some tea houses have electricity from solar panels or generators, it’s not guaranteed, especially at higher altitudes. Charging electronic devices may be possible in designated areas for a fee, or sometimes for free with a purchase from the teahouse.

Overall, tea houses play a vital role in supporting trekkers during their journeys through the stunning landscapes of the Himalayas, providing a comfortable place to rest, eat, and recharge before continuing on their adventure.

Types of Treks in Nepal in terms of Difficulty

In Nepal, treks vary widely in terms of difficulty, duration, altitude, and terrain. Here are the main types of treks categorized based on their difficulty levels:


Easy Treks:

  • These treks are suitable for beginners or those with limited trekking experience.
  • Typically involves shorter durations and less challenging terrain.
  • Altitude gains are minimal, and trails are relatively well-marked and easy to navigate.
  • Examples include the Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek, Langtang Valley Trek, Annapurna Base Camp, Langtang Valley Trek, and the Lower Mustang Trek.

Moderate Treks:

  • Moderate treks are suitable for trekkers with some hiking experience and a moderate level of fitness.
  • They involve longer durations and moderate altitude gains, often reaching up to 4,000 meters (13,123 feet).
  • Trails may include some steep ascents and descents, as well as occasional rough terrain.
  • Examples include the Annapurna Circuit Trek, Everest View Trek, Tsum Valley Trek, Mardi Himal Trek, and Langtang-Gosainkunda Trek.

Challenging Treks:

  • Challenging treks are suitable for experienced trekkers who are physically fit and have previous high-altitude trekking experience.
  • These treks often involve long durations, high altitude gains, and strenuous terrain, including steep ascents, rocky paths, and possibly crossing high passes.
  • Altitudes may exceed 5,000 meters (16,404 feet), presenting challenges related to altitude sickness and acclimatization.
  • Examples include the Everest Base Camp Trek, Upper Mustang Trek, and the Manaslu Circuit Trek.

Extreme Treks:

  • Extreme treks are the most challenging and demanding, requiring excellent physical fitness, technical skills, and experience in high-altitude mountaineering.
  • These treks often involve remote and rugged terrain, extreme weather conditions, and significant altitude gains, including crossing multiple high passes.
  • Altitudes may exceed 5,000 meters (16,404 feet), and trekkers must be prepared for long and strenuous days.
  • Examples include the Three Passes Trek (Everest region), Kangchenjunga Base Camp Trek, and the Upper Dolpo Trek.

Trekkers need to assess their fitness level, experience, and comfort with high altitudes before choosing a trekking route. Additionally, proper acclimatization, physical preparation, and appropriate gear are essential for a safe and enjoyable trekking experience in Nepal.

How to Prepare for Your First Trek?

Embarking on your first trek in Nepal is an exciting adventure, but proper preparation is most crucial. Preparing for your first trek involves a combination of physical training, mental readiness, and logistical planning.

Assess Your Fitness Level:

Evaluate your current fitness level and identify areas that may need improvement. Begin a regular exercise routine that includes cardiovascular workouts, strength training, and hiking or walking to build endurance and strength.

Start Training:

Gradually increase the intensity and duration of your workouts to mimic the demands of trekking. Focus on exercises that target your legs, core, and cardiovascular system. Incorporate uphill and downhill walking to simulate trekking conditions.

Pack Wisely:


Pack light but ensure you have all the essential gear and equipment for your trek. Invest in quality trekking gear, including sturdy hiking boots, moisture-wicking clothing, a comfortable backpack, trekking poles, a first aid kit, and other essentials. Check the weather forecast and pack accordingly.

Research Your Trekking Route:

Research different trekking routes in Nepal and choose one that matches your fitness level, interests, and experience. Consider factors such as altitude, terrain, duration, and difficulty level when selecting a trekking route.

Permits and Documentation:

Obtain the necessary permits and documentation for your trekking route. Most treks in Nepal require a TIMS (Trekkers’ Information Management System) card and a national park entry permit. Ensure you have valid identification and required permits before starting your trek. Similarly, have a passport-size photos and necessary documents.

Go with the Local Company:

Local trekking companies are the best choice because they have intimate knowledge of the trekking routes, terrain, and cultural aspects of Nepal. They can provide you with a professional guide to walk beside you, contributing to sustainable tourism development.


Finally, embrace the beauty of Nepal’s landscapes, immerse yourself in the journey, and cherish the unforgettable moments and experiences along the way.

Take time to appreciate the stunning scenery, cultural encounters, and sense of achievement that comes with completing your first trek in Nepal.

Things to Know Before Trekking in Nepal

Before trekking in Nepal, it’s important to gather essential information and prepare adequately for your adventure. This is commonly the first rule that every beginner should do.

Thus, here are some key things that you should know before trekking in Nepal:

Weather Conditions:

Nepal’s weather can be unpredictable, especially in mountainous regions. 50% of the time the forecast for your trekking route can go wrong. Therefore, pack suitable clothing and gear for varying weather conditions, including rain gear, warm layers, and sun protection. Similarly, have two to three days as an extra day in Nepal.

Option to Renting Trekking Gear:


Gears & equipment are the most important aspects of trekking in Nepal, but do you know that you can also rent in Nepal? Gears like a Down jacket, Sleeping Bag, Trekking Pole, and trekking boots can be rented in Kathmandu. Similarly, even if you buy gear in Nepal, it will cost you very cheap.

Limited Rooms in On-Season:

During the peak trekking seasons in Nepal, such as spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November), accommodation along popular trekking routes can be limited, especially in high-demand areas and teahouses with limited capacity.

Due to the influx of trekkers during these seasons, teahouses and lodges along the trails may fill up quickly, particularly at popular stops or viewpoints. As a result, trekkers may encounter challenges in securing accommodation, especially if they arrive late in the day or without prior reservations.

Challenging Trail Conditions:


Trails in Nepal can vary in difficulty and terrain, from well-maintained paths to rocky and steep sections. Be prepared for uneven surfaces, river crossings, and potentially challenging conditions, especially on higher-altitude treks.

Pacing is Important:

On average, you will be trekking more than four hours in trekking routes. Pace yourself during your trek, especially if you’re not accustomed to hiking at high altitudes. Take breaks as needed, stay hydrated, and listen to your body. It’s okay to walk at a slower pace to maintain your energy and avoid exhaustion.

Tipping to Guide & Porter:


Guides and porters play a crucial role in supporting trekkers during their journey, providing guidance, assistance, and logistical support. Tipping is a way to acknowledge their hard work, expertise, and dedication throughout the trek.

Tipping can also serve as a form of motivation and encouragement for guides and porters, fostering positive relationships and creating a supportive and rewarding trekking experience for both parties.

It’s Trekking Insurance:

Purchase comprehensive travel insurance that covers trekking activities, medical emergencies, evacuation, and trip cancellations. Confirm that your insurance policy includes coverage for high-altitude trekking up (5,000m) and helicopter rescue if necessary. Carry a copy of your insurance policy and emergency contact information with you.

Currency and Payments:

Familiarize yourself with the local currency in Nepal, which is the Nepalese Rupee (NPR). While major cities and towns have ATMs and currency exchange facilities, remote trekking areas may have limited access to banking services. Carry enough cash in NPR for your trekking expenses, including accommodation, meals, permits, and tipping.

With this, you can ensure a safe, enjoyable, and culturally enriching trekking experience in Nepal’s magnificent Himalayan landscapes.

Mostly trekked route in Nepal

As already mentioned, from the iconic trails of Everest to the cultural wonders of the Annapurna region, each journey promises awe-inspiring landscapes, rich cultural encounters, and unforgettable experiences.

For you, here are the most popular and frequently trekked routes in Nepal:

Everest Base Camp Trek:

Altitude: 5,364m
Location: Khumbu Region

One of the most iconic trekking routes in the world, leading to the base camp of Mount Everest.

Annapurna Circuit Trek:

Altitude: 4,130m
Location: Annapurna Region

Encircling the Annapurna Massif, this classic trek offers diverse landscapes, from lush valleys and terraced fields to high mountain passes and alpine forests.

Manaslu Circuit Trek:

Altitude: 5,106m
Location: Manaslu Region

A remote and less-trekked route, circumnavigating the Manaslu Massif in the Himalayas.

Langtang Valley Trek:

Close to Kathmandu, this trek offers a glimpse into the Langtang region’s rich culture and biodiversity.

Upper Mustang Trek:

Known as the “Last Forbidden Kingdom,” this trek explores the arid landscapes of the Mustang region, with highlights including ancient Tibetan culture, medieval monasteries, cave dwellings, and dramatic desert scenery.

These are just a few of the many trekking routes mostly trekking in Nepal. Besides this, there are so many underrated trekking routes that are yet to be reached out there. For example, Kanchenjunga Base Camp, Upper Dolpo, Tsum Valley, Helambu Trek & so on.

Who are we?


We are the “PRISTINE NEPAL TREKS & EXPEDITIONS”, a local trekking company, a proud Nepali team, reaching out to describe Nepal.

We embody the warmth and hospitality for which the Nepali people are renowned worldwide.

Our vision at Pristine Nepal Treks & Expedition is to promote sustainable trekking in Nepal, ensuring that our pristine natural environments are preserved for future generations to enjoy.

With a deep respect for the Himalayas and the communities that call them home, we strive to minimize our environmental impact and maximize the positive contributions to local economies and cultures.

As a family-owned and operated business, we prioritize the values of kinship, trust, and camaraderie. When you trek with us, you become part of our extended family, and we treat you with the same care and consideration that we would offer to our own loved ones.

Together, let’s create memories that will last a lifetime as we explore the wonders of Nepal’s pristine landscapes and vibrant cultures. Welcome to our family!

About Author

As the head of Pristine Nepal Treks and Expedition, he is the inspiration for all the young generation who wants to work in the trekking field. As he is working in the tourism/trekking field from a young age he is always interested to learn and exploring more about the Himalayas, Culture, History, and politics too.

With a very friendly nature, smart personality, and kindness he is an expert in the tourism sector and has already organized countless trekking trips and going on.

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