Complete Guide to Everest Base Camp trek: 2021/2022

A-Complete-Guide-to-Everest-Base-Camp-trek

After the year 2020 pandemic, we all are hoping for a positive result in the year 2021 and so on. We want to welcome all the adventure seekers and trekkers in the coming days again. While you were away, we prepared a “Complete Guide to Everest Base Camp Trek” for 2021 to keep you update.

This information is for both solo travelers & group travelers, so don’t miss it and read until the end. If you feel something is missing in this content then don’t forget to mention it in the comment section.

Things to know about Everest Base Camp:

As you know, Everest Base Camp is the highest base camp (5,364m) which is located in the Khumbu region under the lap of Mt Everest. It is also one of the most trekked in Nepal with high success.

Furthermore, before the year 2020, Everest Base Camp was a little polluted due to high traffic. But now, due to a long gap during the pandemic, you can see the difference in 2021. Everest Base Camp route is now cleaned and nature is in its full form to give the best vibes.

Likewise, here are some of the important things that you should know about Everest Base Camp.

Everest Base Camp Altitude:

Everest-Base-Camp-Altitude-Level-Map

Before planning to trek in Everest Base Camp, you should always check the altitude to know if you can climb it or not. In EBC due to its high elevation, there is the risk of altitude sickness. But don’t worry, it can be tackled with proper fitness planning. Check out our “About fitness for Everest Base Camp” to know more.

Everest Base Camp trek for Beginners:

As a beginner, it is very difficult to trek in Everest Base Camp but not impossible. With a perfect itinerary, best seasons, and some training, you can do it. Likewise, we have the potential to take all the beginner trekkers to Everest Base Camp.

If we were to recommend then “Everest Base Camp Trek for 15 days” would be good for beginners. For beginners, 2 days of acclimatization is most important and you can get it in that 15 days EBC package.

Best Season to Trek in Everest Base Camp:

Choosing the best time to trek in Everest Base Camp is most important for beginners as well as recommended for professionals trekkers. Being the highest Base Camp in the world (5,380m), the summit is very cold and has unstable weather.

If we suggest, the best time to visit Everest Base Camp is in mid-April to late-May and Mid-Sep to late-Dec. During this time, you can get a clear view and stable weather with amazing scenery. However, you may face high traffic during this season which can be a little disturbing. But, there are other months too, to avoid the high traffic. Like, you can do EBC trek in early-March & late-May (starting of monsoon season) likewise early-Sep & late-Dec (starting of winter season). *Can have unstable weather but worth it*

Similarly in the year 2021, there is an assumption that it will not be crowded in the first trekking season/peak season. So, you can have a peaceful atmosphere during your Everest Base Camp trek.

Everest Base Camp Trek Difficulty Level:

Everest-Base-Camp-Trekking-with-guide

In the year 2021, you might feel difficulty while doing Everest Base Camp trek. It is due to the passiveness that you had during the pandemic. No hiking, no training means it will be hard to trek in EBC.

For general information, the entire trekking route is 124 km (77.05 miles) from Lukla to Everest Base Camp continuous walk and getting back. However, the time taken to complete the trek is according to the itinerary.

Therefore, the itinerary also takes a huge part in the Everest Base Camp trek difficulty level. For example, if you have 8 days itinerary then it will be hard because there will be 1 day/no acclimatization day but in 15 days/14 days EBC trek package, you will have 2 days enough acclimatization day to adjust your body to altitude.

Likewise, the total weight you carry also affects in difficulty level. Normally, as a travel guide, a porter is allowed to carry 25kg max and 10-15kg for trekkers. So, if you are carrying all the weight by yourself then it will be hard too. So, for beginners (having a planned fitness training), it is recommended to take a porter and guide with you.

Quick Facts:
There were people like 70 years old and 14 years old that have trekked Everest Base Camp. However, it is due to the perfect planning and guidance. So, planning and guidance is the main key to decide the difficulty level of Everest Base Camp Trek.

Everest Base Camp Trekking Requirements:

Finishing all the requirements for trekking is the most important thing. After the year 2020 pandemic, there are other new documents that you have to prepare in 2021 until the pandemic situation gets normal.

Here are the requirements fo trekking in EBC or in Nepal,

Heath report including PCR check-up:

health-reports-for trekking

Your health conditions decide whether you are ready for trekking to Everest Base Camp or not. A health report is exceptional to know if you have any kinds of diseases. However, as for the year 2021, the PCR Covid test is compulsory until further notice.

Vaccinations & medicine

Before you arrive in Nepal, your first priority is to prevent some common diseases during trekking. You have to take some important vaccinations like Rabies & Tetanus to ensure your safety. As for other types of diseases like Hepatitis A & B, Typhoid, Meningitis, Polio, etc. you have to consult your doctor.

Other small medkits will be provided to you by the tour operator. It will contain all the basic medicine and bandages for minor injuries.

EBC packing list

warm-clothes-for-trekking

Perfect packing is very important not only for the Everest Base Camp trek but for all trekking regions too. Here, I have divided the packing lists according to your body;

For head:

When trekking, your head becomes the sensitive part of your body that should be protected properly. Because it is opened all the time facing the rough weather or hot weather.

If the head is not kept warm then you can get sick very soon. Here’s what you need for your head when trekking to Everest Base Camp:

Woolen cap (Handmade cap) = Handmade woolen cap for both males & females is the most important thing that you have to bring. This woolen cap is best for protecting your head and ear from cold.

Sunglass= Why bring sunglasses? You may ask. But it’s not the normal sunglass you have to bring. Trekking sunglasses are specially made for outdoor activities. And when you trek to Everest Base Camp, the snow shines brightly which can affect your eyes. Therefore, sunglasses are important when trekking to Nepal.

Woolen Mask=It’s also important because you can’t breathe the cold air while trekking because it will make you tired soon. Inhaling cold air also can cause the common cold and this woolen mask also covers your ear which is the best.

For upper body

Upper-body-warming-clothes

The upper body should be well covered protecting your chest which is the most important thing to be safe from getting sick. That is why you have to bring:

Lightweight long-sleeve shirt= Baselayer is best for sweat reduction and absorbs all the moisture. It is best because it will feel like you are not sweating. It helps to make your body dry and keep you safe from cold.

Midweight Baselayer = It is breathable and very comfortable while trekking. Keeping your body warm is what you have to concern about.

Waterproof Jacket=After wearing a midweight base layer, you can wear a waterproof jacket for more protection from cold & water. It also helps to reflect winds from entering your body which is most important.

Down Jacket= It is the most important upper body clothes to make your body fully warm. It reflects winds, water and keeps you warm. It also has a cap behind, so it’s a bonus point to make you warm in the head.

For Hands

trekking-pole-for-langtang

There is a high chance of getting frostbite if you don’t keep your hands warm. You may not concern to keep your hands warm but it’s very important.

Heavyweight gloves=These types of gloves are very thick and best. From inside, you will get warm whereas from outside it will be waterproof. These types of gloves will surely protect you from frostbite.

For Lower Body

packing-list-for-lower-body-trekking

While trekking, your lower body works more than your upper body. It means that your lower body gets more sweat than the upper body. That is why you should wear comfortable clothes in the lower body to minimize rashes.

Underwear= Both males & females should bring extra underwear based on trekking clothes. The materials should be sweat reduction types and comfortable.

Midweight baselayer bottoms= This kind of base layer is very comfortable and keeps you warm without producing excessive sweat. The materials are very good and come for both men and for females.

Trekking trousers & Shorts= Trekking trousers are made of various types of nylon which makes them very strong. They are very durable even while walking on rough roads or hiking or trekking. These trekking trousers are very flexible which makes them comfortable when stretching and walking. It also protects you from getting small injuries.

For Foot

packing-list-for-boot

You need to protect your foot, not only from cold but also from injuries. Because there’s no flat surface with paved roads while trekking to Everest Base Camp.

The ascent and descend from hills, rough roads with hard rocks, slippery surface due to snow, etc. will be there and you have to face it countless times. That is why you have to focus on safety for your feet.

Woolen Shocks=Hand made woolen shocks are best to keep your feet warm. Always bring extra pairs of shocks according to the trekking itinerary. These types of shocks also help to keep your feet dry and warm during the night.

Trekking boots=For the best result, always use full trekking boots which will protect your ankle. If you use short boots then you might injure your ankle while trekking. And believe me, it’s worse when you get an injury in your ankle. Therefore, use full boots while trekking in Everest Base Camp

Note: You can buy the gears in your country as well as in Nepal too. We recommend you buy it in Nepal to keep the luggage weight minimum. Also, some of the gears can be rented in Nepal too.

Have your Travel Insurance before Trekking:

Trvel-insurance-for-trekking

The next thing you need to do is to sign up for your travel insurance in your country or online. In Nepal, your tour operator will not provide your travel insurance. That is why you have to prepare this by yourself and should consider some important things because you are going to trek in the highest Base Camp.

While signing the travel insurance, please check if it covers the 6,000m below altitude or not. Similarly, check if it provides any helicopter evacuation or not too.

Most of the people don’t do travel insurance below 3,000m when traveling & trekking to Nepal. They think that there is no risk when trekking below 3,000m and don’t have to sign travel insurance. However, not only in Nepal but also when traveling to any other country, you have to sign travel insurance. Even if it’s a low altitude, you have to sign travel insurance because there are many cases where accidents have occurred.

Check for World Nomads, Travelex insurance, JS insurance and other similar for 6,000m elevation insurance.

Best Travel Agency for Everest Base Camp Trek

trekking-agencies-in-Nepal

Booking with the best trekking agencies is the most important part for trekking in any region because everything depends on them. And Best doesn’t describes with high ratings or big company only. You never know which small company can be best in it’s own part too.

If it’s the recommended company through your friends or families then it’s another discussion. However, if you are choosing randomly then some tips can really help you.

Do some research about the Trekking Company

The first step is to do some research about different trekking companies from overrated to underrated. Then if you like their package then see if they have legal documents or not. Similarly, see if they are blacklisted companies or not.

Finally, have a discussion with the tour operator as well as the guide you are going with. This is very important because you don’t want to have a shy guide or no-English speaking guide.

Read Reviews:
Reviews will help to clear your mind to take action. Good reviews mean that you can trust these companies. However, watch out for fake reviews of companies. That is why you need to be careful when reading the reviews also.

Get your Nepal VISA

Like most countries, Nepal also provides visas on arrival. It means that you only have to bring cash and pay according to your stay.

15 Days = 25 USD
30 Days = 40 USD
90 Days = 100 USD
There is no longer a picture required as there are now computer kiosks that will take a picture of you digitally.

After giving some additional data of yours, you will be ready to go. You can have a cab at the International airport or your tour operator will come to pick you up.

Take these supplies with you

Guide-to-Everest-Base-Camp

There are two things you must take when trekking to Everest Base Camp. The first thing is the medkit Box. Inside the medkit box these two medicines are the important things you have to carry:

Fever Medicines

Due to the high altitude, while trekking, fever can be a common health problem for travelers. Without treatment, it can ruin your adventure and that is why you should take some fever medicines with you while trekking.

If the fever doesn’t decrease or cured within 5 days then it can be a paratyphoid fever which is a rare case while trekking. If you suffered from typhoid then you can take azithromycin (500mg once per day) until you get medical care or hospitalization.

Diarrhea medicine

When trekking in Nepal, you have to face a sudden change in your food consumption and atmosphere. The taste of food and water changes whereas you can get food poisoning or diarrhea if your digestion gets weak.

Therefore, taking some medicine regarding stomach problems might help you while trekking in Nepal. Likewise, we recommend you to drink clean water or boiled water and clean foods. Using some water purifying tools in your water bottle can also decrease the chance of getting sick.

As for other types of diseases or physical conditions, you have to consult your doctor first or you can ask our team for the best results.

The next thing you have to bring are listed below,

  • Sunscreens=To protect from UV rays
  • Cold cream=Use at night for protecting your skin.
  • Handkerchief=Use it to wipe your sweat when trekking.
  • Personal Towels=Bring your own personal towels for cleaning purposes.
  • Insect Repel cream= Best for protecting you from a mosquito or other bugs.
  • Sanitizer= It’s the best method to clean your hands and to be free from germs.
  • Water Bottle= It’s the important thing you will need on your whole trek.
  • Water Filter=Tools like steripen is best for filtering your water bottle.
  • Eye drops=Just in case if your eyes get itchy or in pain then it can help you.
  • Chargers and Camera=You need to capture some beautiful photos as well as you need a charger.

Some important FAQ for Everest Base Camp Trek:

You-should-have-known-before-trekking-in-Nepal

Here are some important FAQs that most people ask before trekking.

What kind of Accommodations are in EBC? Can you sleep at Everest Base Camp?

Due to the geographical structure, there are only some luxury hotels from Lukla to Namche Bazar with banking services, security, cafes, and restaurants. However, after crossing Namche Bazar, you will only find normal hotels/lodges/tea houses. (Internet facility are available here)

Sleeping during the Everest Base Camp trek can be challenging mostly after crossing above 4000m. However, there is nothing to worry about because everyone experiences a sleeping disorder one time in the trek.

What kind of food do you eat in the EBC trek?

Getting a proper meal with balanced calories is most important. During your trek, the common food you can get is rice and daal (pulses) at every hotel/lodges which is a typical Nepalese food. Rather than that, you can also get Continental/Chinese/Indian food too.

Is it worth to do Everest Base Camp trek in 2021?

Of course, 2021 is the best time to trek in Everest Base Camp in the early trekking season because it will be less crowded. It is the best way to enjoy your trek without getting any disturbance.

Map of Everest Base Camp:

Everest-Base-Camp-Trek-Map-Guide

Bonus & Summery:

There are many things that you have to be alert of i.e. AMS cure, slippery rocks, yaks caravans, suspension bridge, etc. For more information check our “50 Best Tips for Everest Base Camp Trek”.

Likewise, if you have any questions or doubt then feel free to contact us any time at [email protected] We are happy to listen from you what you think about this blog. Thank you.

About Author

As the head of Pristine Nepal Treks and Expedition, he is the inspiration for all young generation who wants to work in the trekking field. Working in the trekking field from his young age he is also very interested in learning the Himalayas, Culture, History, and politics too.

With a friendly nature, smart-looking personality, and kindness he is an expert in the tourism sector.

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