Boudhanath Stupa: World Heritage Sites


Boudhanath Stupa is one of the world’s largest unique structures stupas, built around the 5th century A.D. and listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Boudhanath Stupa is the symbol of Mt. Sumeru which is considered the King of Mountains and believed to be the home of the Gods.

The Stupa is said to represent the symbol of Buddha meditating and striving towards enlightenment. Everyone can see the eyes in the stupa which is considered to be the eye of wisdom or Buddha eyes, whereas there are some symbols in Boudhanath Stupa which have their own meanings.


Here is the symbol that is embedded in Boudhanath Stupa:

Pinnacle =Symbol of the Mt. Sumeru considered being the King of Mountain.

Umbrella=Protector of three jewels: Buddha, Dharma ( Doctrine), and Sangha (community).

Lotus=Represents  purity of body, the enlightenment of mind, and Beauty while rooted in the mud.

Thirteen steps=Represents fire and symbolize the 13 states of Bodhisattva’s ground for the enlightenment or “Bodhi”.

Two Big Eyes= Buddha eyes or Wisdom eyes

Nose=Symbol of unity and the way to reach enlightenment.

Harmika=which indicates heaven on the top of a stupa and also means water

Dome=symbol of perfection, eternity, heavens and also means air.

Plinths=It represents water

Mandala=spiritual and ritual symbol with four gates containing a circle with a center point

Dhyani Buddha=group of five “self-born” celestial Buddhas who are considered to be the five elements and existed from the beginning of time.

Prayer’s Flag

Each flag has its own meaning
Blue symbolizes the sky and space
White symbolizes the air and wind
Red symbolizes fire
Green symbolizes water
Yellow symbolizes Earth

Don’t miss out the spiritual energy around the Boudhanath Stupa. The best time to visit in Boudhanath stupa is from Sep to Dec. If you want to book tour to world heritage site in Nepal then please send us an inquiry at [email protected].

About Author

As the head of Pristine Nepal Treks and Expedition, he is the inspiration for all the young generation who wants to work in the trekking field. As he is working in the tourism/trekking field from a young age he is always interested to learn and exploring more about the Himalayas, Culture, History, and politics too.

With a very friendly nature, smart personality, and kindness he is an expert in the tourism sector and has already organized countless trekking trips and going on.

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